• Eddie Rogers, Minister

True News 4 U — Truth-Religion — 03/13/2021



Today, we will complete our three part study on The Sixth Commandment.


Assassins and Hired Killers

Cursed is he who accepts a bribe to strike down an innocent person. And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ ”

(Deuteronomy 27:25, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


Although applicable to doctors who assist in killing another person, this statute primarily applies to assassins and hired killers. It stands to reason that this would also apply to those who hire these murderers. They would be co-conspirators and thus, they would be equally guilty of murder. Consequently, they should be judged and punished impartially under the law.


Kidnapping


Whoever kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or is found with him in his possession, must be put to death.

(Exodus 21:16, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


If a man is caught kidnapping any of his countrymen from the sons of Israel, and he treats him violently or sells him [as a slave], then that thief shall die. So you shall remove the evil from among you.

(Deuteronomy 24:7, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


In the King James Version of the Bible, it uses the words “stealeth,” “stealing” and “thief” in these passages. As a result of using these words in the KJV, this statute is often mistakenly placed under the Eighth Commandment, “Thou shalt not steal” instead of under the Sixth Commandment, “Thou shalt not kill.” One way to determine which commandment a statute belongs with is by the statute’s judgment. A statute’s judgment must be the same as the judgment for the commandment it falls under. In other words, the judgment for a transgression of a statute can never be more severe than the judgment for a transgression of the commandment to which the statute is subordinate. The judgment for the Eighth Commandment transgression is restitution and not the death penalty; thus, a man or women stealing or kidnapping cannot be an Eighth Commandment statute.


Kidnapping is a Sixth Commandment statute because it often culminates in murder or a kidnapped person might very well die while in or as a direct result of his or her captivity. Kidnapping is a crime of theft; however, it is the theft of a person’s life and not his or her possessions. Consequently, kidnapping is a Sixth Commandment violation and it is punishable by death whether the kidnapped person has already been killed, sold or they are in the possession of the kidnapper when he or she is apprehended.


Burglary


Bouvier’s Law Dictionary defines “burglary” as follows:


The breaking and entering the house of another in the night-time, with intent to commit a felony therein, whether the felony be actually committed or not.[1]

According to Yahweh’s Law, burglary is a capital offense. Therefore, the prohibition forbidding burglary must be a statute under one of the capital crime commandments. The conditions in the following passage would indicate that burglary is a Sixth Commandment infraction:


[1] “Burglary,” Bouvier’s Law Dictionary: A Concise Encyclopedia of the Law (Kansas City, MO: Vernon Law Book Company, 1914) Volume 1, page 404.


2 If a thief [be they a man or woman] is caught breaking in [to someone’s home after dark] and is struck [by the owner] so that he [or she] dies, there shall be no bloodguilt for him [the thief]. 3 But if the sun has risen, there will be bloodguilt for him [the thief with the exception for self-defense]. The thief [if he or she lives] must make [full] restitution; if he [or she] has nothing, then he [or she] shall be sold [as a slave to make restitution] for his [or her] theft.

(Exodus 22:2-3, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


A person who defends his family, home or possessions by killing a thief in the dark of the night is not to be held accountable for putting a burglar to death. However, if an unarmed thief, who, in the judgment of the homeowner does not intend bodily harm, is killed during daylight hours, the killer is to be held responsible for the thief’s blood. Although unstated, the obvious reason for this distinction is because it is impossible to determine an intruder’s intentions in the dark of the night. Thus, during a night raid, Yahweh gives the benefit of doubt to the homeowner.


Rooftop Legislation


In the days of ancient Israel, flat roofs also served as terraces where the homeowner dried, stored crops and entertained guests. For this reason, homeowners were required to build protective railings around the perimeters of their rooftops:


When you build a new house, you shall make a railing (parapet) around your [flat] roof, so that you do not bring the guilt of [innocent] blood on your house if someone falls from it.

(Deuteronomy 22:8, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


This statute makes homeowners responsible, within reason, for the safety of service providers or visitors to their home or property. If a person is injured or killed because of a homeowner’s negligence, the homeowner is held liable according to lex talionis or the “law of retribution:”


19 If a man injures his neighbor (fellow citizen), whatever he has done shall be done to him: 20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth [or life for life]; just as he has injured a man, so shall the same be done to him.

(Leviticus 24:19-20, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


In cases where a person does not die as the result of an attack or negligence there is an added stipulation for his care:


18 If men quarrel and one strikes another with a stone or with his fist [or is injured because of reckless negligence], and he does not die but is confined to bed, 19 if he gets up and walks around leaning on his cane, then the one who struck him [or who is responsible for his injury] shall be left [physically] unpunished [shall not be put to death]; he must only pay for his loss of time [at work], and the costs [of treatment and recuperation] until he is thoroughly healed.

(Exodus 21:18-19, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


“Rooftop legislation” extends far beyond terraces or patios. Deuteronomy 22:8 applies to anywhere a person might be endangered by negligence. In addition to home safety, this statute should also be applied to the workplace, construction zones and, machinery including farm equipment, automobiles, etc. For example, if demonstrable negligence is established in a court of law in the case against Firestone Tires for the accidents caused by tread separation; those responsible should be liable according to lex talionis. Furthermore, Firestone Tires should also be compelled to pay for any and all loss of time from employment for those injured or disabled as a result of their injuries.


Lex talionis should also be applied to the abusive use of alcohol and drugs. Scripture does not prohibit the use of alcohol or drugs altogether. Consequently, there is no scriptural reason to make the use of these substances illegal. Furthermore, alcohol prohibition did not work in the 1920s and neither has today’s drug legislation.


Instead of making either alcohol or drugs illegal, responsible use should be promoted. Abstinence is preferable and it is safest for everyone concerned. However, not everyone is going to abstain regardless of the prohibitions enacted. Consequently, instead of legislating what Yahweh does not legislate, we should adjudicate what Yahweh adjudicates. In turn, this will promote personal responsibility. For example, instead of attempting to curb drunk driving by prohibiting excessive alcohol consumption, it should be mandatory that any drunk driver convicted of causing or contributing to the death of an innocent person be put to death. If the injured party does not die, the convicted felon should be compelled to pay for medical expenses and financial compensation during convalescence. This compensation should be in addition to his or her paying an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, etc.


Man’s efforts at controlling drunken driving and drug abuse have been wholly ineffective. However, when Yahweh’s Laws are enforced, people will be deterred from indulging in these potentially criminal activities. There will certainly be no repeat offenders when someone is killed as a result of someone’s drunken carelessness because the convicted murderer would be put to death and not imprisoned for life. In the same manner, if someone is injured, disabled or dies as a consequence of another person’s irresponsible use of drugs, the punishment should correspond to the injury, death or damage to property. On the other hand, today’s ineffective drug and alcohol laws have, in many instances, made criminals out of people who have hurt only themselves. This has consequently also forced innocent taxpayers to pay for the housing, feeding and the entertainment of people who should have never been imprisoned[2] in the first place.


[2] Prisons: Shut Them All Down! by Ted R. Weiland.


A downsized and smaller government is an additional benefit derived from “rooftop legislation” enforced by lex talionis. Federal agencies such as OSHA and the Federal Drug Administration would be superfluous under such Biblical Law. The oversight of a speedy trial and administration of the proper judgment would be the only government intervention required or needed.


Ox Goring


Animals are also held responsible for the death of humans:


28 If an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the ox must be stoned and its meat shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be cleared [not held responsible]. 29 But if the ox has tried to gore on a previous occasion, and its owner has been warned, but has not kept it confined and it [the ox] kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner shall be put to death as well.

(Exodus 21:28-29, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


This statute applies to any domestic animal or household pet that maliciously kills or maims someone. It is not limited to an ox killing someone. This applies to “any” animal.


There are two exceptions to the death penalty for this statute:


30 If a ransom is demanded of him [in return for his life], then he shall give whatever is demanded for the redemption of his life. 31 If the ox has gored another’s son or daughter, he shall be dealt with according to this same rule. 32 If the ox gores a male or a female servant, the owner shall give to the servant’s master thirty shekels of silver [the purchase price for a slave], and the ox shall be stoned.

(Exodus 21:30-32, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


In other words, in such cases it is at the discretion of the victim’s next of kin whether the guilty party is to be put to death or pay a ransom for the life of the person killed. These exceptions should also be applied to “rooftop legislation” where the injury or death is likewise the consequence of negligence rather than malicious intent.


Perjury in Murder Cases


Perjury is a capital crime in capital cases. For example, if an innocent man is or could potentially be found guilty of any capital crime as the result of malicious false testimony in a court of law; the perjurer is to be executed:


16 If a malicious witness rises up against a man to [falsely] accuse him of wrongdoing, 17 then both parties to the controversy shall stand before the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text], before the priests and the judges who will be in office at that time. 18 The judges shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness, and he has accused his brother falsely, 19 then you shall do to him just as he had intended to do to his brother. So you shall remove the evil from among you. 20 Those who remain will hear and be afraid, and will never again do such an evil thing among you. 21 You shall not show pity [to the guilty one]: it shall be life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

(Deuteronomy 19:16-21, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Furthermore, this statute dictates that if a plot to murder someone is uncovered, the person plotting the murder is also guilty of transgressing the Sixth Commandment, whether he or she does the killing or whether it is carried out by the hands of someone else.


Life is a gift from Yahweh. Because man is made in the very image of Yahweh and man has been made the steward of that gift, the shedding of innocent blood, regardless of whether it is another person’s or your own, it is absolutely forbidden:


16 These six things the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] hates; Indeed, seven are repulsive [KJV: abomination (Strong’s #H8441)] to Him: 17 (1) A proud look [the attitude that makes one overestimate oneself and discount others], (2) a lying tongue, And (3) hands that shed innocent blood, 18 (4) A heart that creates wicked plans, (5) Feet that run swiftly to evil, 19 (6) A false witness who breathes out lies [even half-truths], And (7) one who spreads discord (rumors) among brothers.

(Proverbs 6:16-19, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Involuntary Homicide


Yahweh’s Law comes from a perfect and just Judge and Lawgiver; therefore, it takes into account the person who accidentally kills another person:


Cities of Refuge


12 Whoever strikes a man so that he dies must be put to death. 13 However, if [I.e. if the act causing the death of another was unintentional.] he did not lie in wait [for him], but God allowed him to fall into his hand, then I will establish for you a place [I.e. after the children of Israel possessed the promised land, six cities of refuge were established.] to which he may escape [for protection until duly tried]. 14 But if a man acts intentionally against another and kills him by [design through] treachery, you are to take him from My altar [to which he may have fled for protection], so that he may be put to death.

(Exodus 21:12-14, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


In the midst of the judgment for voluntary manslaughter, Yahweh’s Law provides protection for the man or woman who accidentally takes another person’s life. James Moffatt renders verse 13 more clearly:


if he did not intend it maliciously, if it was accidental, I will appoint a place of asylum for such among you.[3]


[3] Exodus 21:13, The Bible: A New Translation by James Moffatt, Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1950.


Yahweh identified and expanded upon this appointed place of asylum in the book of Numbers:


11 then you [Israel] shall select for yourselves cities to be cities of refuge, so that the one who kills any person unintentionally may escape there. 12 The cities shall be to you as a refuge from the [blood] avenger, so that the one who has caused the death of another will not be killed until he has had a [fair] trial before the congregation. 13 The cities which you are to provide shall be your six cities of refuge. 14 You shall provide three cities on this [east] side of the Jordan [River], and three [more] cities in the land of Canaan; they are to be the cities of refuge. 15 These six cities shall be a refuge for the Israelites and for the stranger and the resident alien among them; so that anyone who kills a person unintentionally may escape there.

(Numbers 35:11-15, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


In the King James Version of the Bible, James Strong defines “shegagah,” (Strong’s #H7684) from which our English word “unawares” is derived, as “a mistake or inadvertent transgression.” The translators of the New American Standard Bible rendered “shegagah” as “unintentionally” and the New Berkley Version translators rendered it as “accidentally.”

Yahweh further expounded upon this temporary residence in the cities of refuge for anyone who committed an act of involuntary homicide:


22 But if he [the manslayer] pushed [so as to kill] the victim suddenly, not in enmity, or threw anything at him without malicious intent, 23 or without seeing him hit him [accidentally] with a stone object that could kill him, and he died, and [the offender] was not his enemy nor intending to harm him, 24 then the congregation shall judge between the offender and the blood avenger according to these ordinances. 25 The congregation shall rescue the offender from the hand of the blood avenger and return him to his city of refuge, [the place] to which he had escaped; and he shall live there until the death of the high priest who was anointed with the sacred oil. 26 But if at any time the one guilty of manslaughter comes outside the border of his city of refuge to which he fled, 27 and the blood avenger finds him outside the border of his city of refuge and kills the offender, the blood avenger will not be guilty of murder, 28 because the offender should have remained in his city of refuge until the death of the high priest. But after the high priest’s death the offender shall return to the land of his possession.


29These things shall be a statute for you throughout your generations wherever you may be.

(Numbers 35:22-29, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Moses also commented on the cities of refuge:


2 you shall [initially] designate three cities for yourself in the central area of the land, which the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God is giving you to possess. 3 You shall prepare and maintain for yourself the roads [to these cities], and divide the territory of your land into three parts, so that anyone who kills another unintentionally may escape there [for asylum].


4 Now this is the case of the offender (manslayer) who may escape there and live [protected from vengeance]: when he kills his neighbor unintentionally, not having hated him previously— 5 as [for example] when a man goes into the forest with his neighbor to cut wood, and his hand swings the axe to cut down the tree, but the iron head slips off the wooden handle and hits his companion and he dies—the offender may escape to one of these cities and live; 6 otherwise the avenger [The nearest male relative of the victim, known as the “kinsman-redeemer” (Heb go’el), was responsible to find the guilty party and put him to death (Numbers 35:19). The person who had committed the homicide was protected until his trial, so long as he remained in one of the three cities. After that, if he was judged innocent of any premeditation (like someone today judged guilty of manslaughter, but not murder), he was to remain in the city under protection from the avenger until the death of the high priest, at which time he could return to his home as a free man (Numbers 35:28).] of blood might pursue the offender in the heat of anger, and overtake him, because it is a long way, and take his life, even though he did not deserve to die, since he did not hate his neighbor beforehand. 7 Therefore, I command you, saying, ‘You shall set aside three cities [of refuge] for yourself.’


8 If the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God enlarges your border, as He has sworn to your fathers to do, and gives you all the land which He promised to give to your fathers— 9 if you keep and carefully observe all these commandments which I am commanding you today, to love the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God, and to walk [that is, to live each and every day] always in His ways—then you shall add three more cities [of refuge] for yourself, besides these three, 10 so that innocent blood will not be shed [by blood avengers] in your land [by the blood avenger] which the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God is giving you as an inheritance, and blood guilt will not be on you [for the death of an innocent man].

(Deuteronomy 19:2-10, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)

Justifiable Homicide

The Blood Avenger


Imprisonment in a city of refuge, a type of house arrest, may not initially seem just. However, sanctuary is much more charitable than death at the hands of the blood avenger or the dead man’s kinsman. Furthermore, there was no specified time limit for a manslayer’s confinement in a city of refuge except for the life of the high priest. If the high priest died the following day, the manslayer would have the lawful right to leave that same day with immunity, although he may not choose to do so depending upon the vindictiveness of his victim’s kinsman. If, however, after the death of the high priest, the blood avenger took the manslayer’s life, the blood avenger would be guilty of shedding innocent blood. On the other hand, if a person relegated to one of the cities of refuge departed prior to the death of the high priest and he or she was subsequently put to death by the slain person’s kinsman, the blood avenger would not be guilty of murder:


26 But if at any time the one guilty of manslaughter comes outside the border of his city of refuge to which he fled, 27 and the blood avenger finds him outside the border of his city of refuge and kills the offender, the blood avenger will not be guilty of murder, 28 because the offender [the manslayer] should have remained in his city of refuge until the death of the high priest. But after the high priest’s death the offender shall return to the land of his possession.

(Numbers 35:26-28, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


Consequently, it was justifiable homicide if a blood avenger took the life of the manslayer who prematurely departed from the city of refuge in which he or she had initially sought asylum.


In Defense of Others


It is also justifiable homicide when someone must be killed in order to protect the life of another person or to thwart someone in the commission of a capital crime. Moses and Abraham provide biblical precedent for taking the law into one’s own hands in such instances. In Exodus Chapter 2, Moses justifiably slew the Egyptian taskmaster who was brutally assaulting another Israelite. In Genesis Chapter 14, Abraham justifiably killed others in order to rescue his nephew, Lot, from his kidnappers. Therefore, vigilantism is biblically justified when defending or rescuing another person from being victimized by a capital criminal.[4]


[4] For a study on unlawful vigilantism, check out The Phinehas Hoods: A Biblical Examination of Unscriptural Vigilantism by Ted R. Weiland.


Self-Defense


It is also justifiable homicide when a criminal is killed in order to protect your own life or the life of your family. This is first demonstrated in the statute pertaining to burglary that exonerates the person who kills a thief in the dark of the night. The same statute implies that a person who kills a daytime assailant, under any circumstances, is likewise vindicated.


Not only does Yahweh’s Law provide for self-defense, Yeshua promoted the same by using self-defense to illustrate two different spiritual points:


But understand this: If the head of the house had known what time of the night the thief was coming, he would have been on the alert and would not have allowed his house to be broken into.

(Matthew 24:43, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


21 When the strong man, fully armed, guards his own house, his belongings are undisturbed and secure. 22 But when someone stronger than he attacks and overpowers him, he robs him of all his armor on which he had relied and divides his [goods as] spoil.

(Luke 11:21-22, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


Every Christian man and woman should be such a homesteader, in spite of how the government, media or even certain preachers may try to vilify such a person. According to the Apostle Paul, anyone who fails to care for his or her family is in jeopardy of serious judgment:


If anyone fails to provide for his own, and especially for those of his own family, he has denied the faith [by disregarding its precepts] and is worse than an unbeliever [who fulfills his obligation in these matters].

(1 Timothy 5:8, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


After first providing for his or her family’s spiritual safety, a Christian needs to provide adequate protection for their family and their possessions. There is limited benefit in providing food, clothing and shelter for your family if a “welcome mat” has been laid out for thieves, rapists and murderers to come and take it from you.


Furthermore, Yeshua commanded His disciples to buy self-defense weapons:[5]


[5] Governments that conspire to disarm their citizens identify defense weapons as “assault weapons.” By employing the term “assault weapons” the anti-gun lobby deceptively attempts to associate all gun owners with criminal behavior. Firearms: Scripturally Defended addresses the biblical position concerning being armed and may be found at http://www.missiontoisrael.org/firearm-right.php.


Then He [Yeshua] said to them [His apostles], “But now, he who has a money belt is to take it along, and also his [provision] bag, and he who has no sword is to sell his coat and buy one.

(Luke 22:36, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Yeshua’s command agrees with the Patriarch David’s admonition:


6 Let the high praises of God be in their [the saints] throats, And a two-edged sword in their hands, 7 To execute vengeance on the nations And punishment on the peoples, 8 To bind their kings with chains And their nobles with fetters of iron, 9 To execute on them the judgment written. This is the honor for all His godly ones. Praise the Lord! (HalleluYAH!)”

(Psalm 149:6-9, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Not every individual Christian is responsible for everything contained in this passage, but every Christian householder is commissioned by Yeshua and by the Law of Yahweh to defend his or her family, their possessions and themselves Therefore, every Christian man or woman should be armed. Moreover, every Christian woman without a man to protect her should be likewise armed.


Warfare


Certain acts of warfare are biblically justified. In other words, justifiable warfare is one type of justifiable homicide. Yahweh commanded, “Thou shall not kill.” Nevertheless, He made provision for warfare. King Solomon, for example, made the following definitive statements about war:


For by wise guidance you can wage your war, And in an abundance of [wise] counselors there is victory and safety.

(Proverbs 24:6, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


1 There is a season (a time appointed) for everything and a time for every delight and event or purpose under heaven— 2 A time to be born and a time to die; A time to plant and a time to uproot what is planted. 3 A time to kill and a time to heal; A time to tear down and a time to build up. 4 A time to weep and a time to laugh; A time to mourn and a time to dance. 5 A time to throw away stones and a time to gather stones; A time to embrace and a time to refrain from embracing. 6 A time to search and a time to give up as lost; A time to keep and a time to throw away. 7 A time to tear [This may be a reference to the practice of tearing one’s clothes as a sign of mourning which began early among the Hebrews. Cf Genesis 37:29. There are many references to this in the Old Testament. Solomon was no doubt familiar with this practice as his own father engaged in it with his contemporaries. Cf 2 Samuel 3:31.] apart and a time to sew together; A time to keep silent and a time to speak. 8 A time to love and a time to hate; A time for war and a time for peace.

(Ecclesiastes 3:1-8, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Moreover, fighting men were among those honored as men of faith in Hebrews Chapter 11:


32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets, 33 who by faith [that is, with an enduring trust in God and His promises] subdued kingdoms, administered justice, obtained promised blessings, closed the mouths of lions, 34 extinguished the power of [raging] fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, became mighty and unbeatable in battle, putting enemy forces to flight. 35 Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured [to death], refusing to accept release [offered on the condition of denying their faith], so that they would be resurrected to a better life; 36 and others experienced the trial of mocking and scourging [amid torture], and even chains and imprisonment. 37 They were stoned [to death], they were sawn in two, they were lured with tempting offers [to renounce their faith], they were put to death by the sword; they went about wrapped in the skins of sheep and goats, utterly destitute, oppressed, cruelly treated 38 (people of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and [living in] caves and holes in the ground.

(Hebrew 11:32-38, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


There are numerous Old Testament examples where Yahweh had His people initiate war against ungodly nations. The “Song of Moses” included the following declaration about Yahweh after He destroyed the Egyptian army in the Red Sea:


The Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] is a warrior; The Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] is His name.

(Exodus 15:3, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Although there were occasions when Yahweh commanded Israel to initiate war, He, nevertheless, prescribed strict rules of warfare, some of which are provided to us in Deuteronomy Chapter 20:


1 When you go out to battle against your enemies and see horses and chariots and people more numerous than you, do not be afraid of them; for the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God, who brought you up from the land of Egypt, is with you. 2 When you approach the battle, the priest shall come forward and speak to the people, 3 and shall say to them, ‘Hear, O Israel: you are advancing today to battle against your enemies. Do not lack courage. Do not be afraid, or panic, or tremble [in terror] before them, 4 for the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God is He who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.’ 5 The officers shall also speak to the soldiers [Lit people and so throughout.], saying, ‘What man is there who has built a new house and has not yet dedicated [I.e. to the temple. The rabbis said that ownership of a house was required for dedication. Here, dedication seems to have established ownership when the original owner died.] it? Let [The point of the admonitions in vv 5-8 is that with the Lord’s help, Israel would have no need of a large military force, and the officers could afford to dismiss anyone who was not completely prepared for battle.] him go and return to his house, otherwise he might die in the battle and another man would dedicate it. 6 What man has planted a vineyard and has not put it to use [harvesting its fruit]? Let him go and return to his house, otherwise he might die in the battle and another man would begin to use its fruit. 7 And who is the man who is engaged (legally promised) to a woman and has not married her? Let him go and return to his house, otherwise he might die in the battle and another man would marry her.’ 8 Then the officers shall speak further to the soldiers and say, ‘Who is the man who is afraid and lacks courage? Let him go and return to his house, so that he does not cause his brothers’ courage to fail like his own.’ 9 And it shall be when the officers have finished speaking to the soldiers, they shall appoint commanders of armies over them.


10 When you advance to a city to fight against it, you shall [first] offer it terms of peace. 11 If that city accepts your terms of peace and opens its gates to you, then all the people who are found in it shall become your forced labor and shall serve you. 12 However, if it does not make peace with you, but makes war against you, then you shall lay siege to it. 13 When the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God gives it into your hand, you shall strike down all the men in it with the edge of the sword. 14 Only the women and the children and the animals and everything that is in the city, all its spoil, you shall take as plunder for yourself; and you shall use the spoil of your enemies which the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God has given you. 15 That is what you shall do to all the cities that are very far away from you, which are not among the cities of these nations nearby [which you are to dispossess]. 16 Only in the cities of these peoples that the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God is giving you as an inheritance, you shall not leave alive anything that breathes. 17 But you shall utterly destroy them, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite, just as the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God has commanded you, 18 so that they will not teach you to act in accordance with all the detestable practices which they have done [in worship and service] for their gods, and in this way cause you to sin against the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God.


19 When you besiege a city for a [Literally, many days.] long time, making war against it in order to capture it, you shall not destroy its [fruit-bearing] trees by swinging an axe against them; for you may eat from them, and you shall not cut them down. For is the tree of the field a man, that it should be besieged (destroyed) by you? 20 Only the trees which you know are not fruit [Literally, trees for eating.] trees shall you destroy and cut down, so that you may build siegeworks [I.e. battering rams, ladders, towers, etc.] against the city that is making war with you until it falls.

(Deuteronomy 20:1-20, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


These and other biblical rules of warfare help to determine whether a particular war is righteous or unrighteous. For example, the prohibition against destroying fruit trees is an indictment against the United States’ indiscriminate Agent Orange defoliation policy employed in Vietnam.


Historian William Henry Blum compiled the following list of countries that the United States has bombed since World War II:


China 1945-46 and 1950-53, Korea 1950-53, Guatemala 1954 and 1967-69, Indonesia 1958, Cuba 1959-60, Vietnam 1961-73, Congo 1964, Laos 1964-73, Peru 1965, Cambodia 1969-70, Granada 1983, Libya 1986, El Salvador 1980s, Nicaragua 1980s, Panama 1989, Iraq 1991-2001, Sudan 1998, Afghanistan 1998, Yugoslavia 1999.[6]


[6] William Henry Blum, https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/letters/crisis-in-the-balkans-1.191447.


From 1945 to the present, the United States has bombed nineteen different countries under the guise of defending America’s sovereignty and for the alleged purpose of promoting democracy. And yet none of these countries have become democracies as a result of America’s unethical aggression. Something is amiss. Wars fought for political gain or financial profit, such as the last two World Wars and all of the smaller subsequent conflicts that America has engaged herself in cannot be classified as righteous wars. Therefore, Christians should be cautious about sending their sons or daughters to fight in America’s future military conflicts. Not only might their sons or daughters be sacrificed for an unrighteous cause, they might also be considered murderers or accomplices to murder in the sight of Yahweh.


If, however, it is a righteous conflict legitimately waged in defense of our homeland or if it is an offensive war such as Yahweh ordained against the Canaanites, then that warfare is justified and it is even godly. In fact, Yahweh’s Law mandates that every able Israelite man twenty years old and older be mustered and enrolled for armed service:


1 The Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] spoke [by special revelation] to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai in the Tent of Meeting (tabernacle) on the first day of the second month in the second year after the Israelites [In general, sons (children) of Israel or Israel or Israelites refers to all the people (males and females) of the various tribes descended from the twelve sons (Genesis 35:23-26) of Jacob (later renamed Israel by God). In verses concerning things such as warfare or circumcision sons of Israel or Israel or Israelites usually refers only to the males. Tribes of ancient peoples were identified by the name of their founding ancestor. Therefore, this same general rule applies when referring to individual tribal groups, e.g. sons of Reuben, Reuben, Reubenites and so throughout.] came out of the land of Egypt, saying, 2 Take a census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, by their families (clans), by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, every male, head [Lit by their skulls, also the root word for “Golgotha.”] by head 3 from twenty years old and upward, all in Israel who are able to go out to war. You and Aaron shall number them, army by army.

(Numbers 1:1-3, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


This statute further demonstrates that Yahweh expects every law-abiding Israelite man to be armed and prepared to defend his nation, community and family just like the men in Switzerland are to this day. By extension, it becomes a transgression of Yahweh’s Law for any Christian man who is able-bodied and able-minded to be unarmed and thus, unprepared for war or defense.


Capital Punishment


The death penalty for capital crimes is also justifiable homicide in the Bible. It is incontestable that Yahweh prescribed capital punishment for certain crimes in both Old and New Testaments alike:


If a man [intentionally] takes the life of any human being [unlawfully], he shall most certainly be put to death.

(Leviticus 24:17, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Although they know God’s righteous decree and His judgment, that those who do such things [capital crimes] deserve death, yet they not only do them, but they even [enthusiastically] approve and tolerate others who practice them.

(Romans 1:32, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Certain people consider the judgment of the Sixth Commandment transgression in Leviticus 24:17 to be conflicting. However, that is because they refuse to distinguish between intentional murder and justifiable homicide. According to the Bible capital punishment for capital crimes, such as First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Commandment transgressions, is clearly justifiable homicide.[7]


[7] For a biblical perspective on the death penalty, Check out Capital Punishment: Deterrent or Catalyst by Ted R. Weiland.


Sixth Commandment Judgment


Leviticus 24:17 and numerous other passages dictate that the judgment for intentional, premeditated murder is death. According to Yahweh, human life is so sacred that whether it is a man or an animal that maliciously takes a person’s life, the perpetrator is to be put to death. Death penalty opponents find this incongruent. They believe that life is so valuable that life must not be forfeited for any reason. They further claim that capital punishment cheapens human life. Quite the contrary, it is the platform of the anti-capital punishment community, not the pro-capital punishment community, that cheapens life. If a murderer is given twenty years in prison, for example, instead of being put to death, the life of the person murdered has thus been given a value of only twenty years.


Life is sacred, but not at all costs. Even Yeshua’s life was not so sacred that it could not be forfeited. There are some things more sacred than life. Furthermore, the life of a murderer is certainly not more sacred than the life of the person he or she murdered. To put it another way, the life of the person murdered is so sacred that it requires the life of the murderer:


5 For your lifeblood I will most certainly require an accounting; from every animal [that kills a person] I will require it. And from man, from every man’s brother [that is, anyone who murders] I will require the life of man. 6 Whoever sheds man’s blood [unlawfully], By man (judicial government) shall his blood be shed, For in the image of God He made man.

(Genesis 9:5-6, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Except in some cases of death resulting from negligence, murder is the one crime for which there is no clemency from the death penalty:


31 Moreover, you shall not accept a ransom [restitution in exchange] for the life of a murderer guilty and sentenced to death; but he shall certainly be put to death. 32 You shall not accept a ransom [restitution in exchange] for him [the convicted murderer] who has escaped to his city of refuge, so that he may return to live in his [own] land before the death of the high priest. 33 So you shall not pollute and defile the land in which you live; for [the shedding of innocent] blood pollutes and defiles the land. No atonement (expiation) can be made for the land for the [innocent] blood shed in it, except by the blood (execution) of him who shed it.

(Numbers 35:31-33, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Judges, victims or the victims’ next-of-kin may consider repentance and conversion as extenuating factors when determining whether criminals should be put to death for capital crimes except in the case of murderers:


But if a man acts intentionally against another and kills him by [design through] treachery, you are to take him from My altar [to which he may have fled for protection], so that he may be put to death.

(Exodus 21:14, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


In 1 Kings 1:50-53 King Solomon spared Adonijah’s life for his crime of conspiracy when Adonijah took hold of the horns of the altar in the Tabernacle but in 1 Kings 2:28-34 Solomon would not spare Joab’s life for his sins of murder when Joab took the same desperate measure.


The no-clemency clause attached only to the judgment for murderers demonstrates just how serious transgression of the Sixth Commandment is to Yahweh. Perhaps only violations of the First and Second Commandments are ranked more seriously. The blood of murdered innocents continues to cry out from the ground for justice. The same blood cries out for Yahweh’s people to return to Him and His Laws, specifically the implementation of the Sixth Commandment and its respective statutes and judgements.


I hope this study on the Sixth Commandment has been helpful and instructional. The main purpose of studying the Commandments is to better understand what our Creator expects of those whom He has called to be His children. Let all of His children seek Him and repent of their sins and draw close to Him because He wants a one-on-one personal relationship with all of His children.


If our judicial system were set-up correctly and we had honest judges who would follow Yahweh’s Instructions, we would have a lot less crimes. This is not to say that there are not honest judges. Sad to say, there are many judges who are on the “take” or they are being “controlled” by others who have things on them that would end their careers. Man continues to do things his way rather than doing things Yahweh’s Way. So, we suffer at the hands of fallen men and women in our judicial system. In the Supreme Count of the United States (SCOTUS), there is corruption in this, America’s highest, court system. In the year 2021, there was voter fraud in the Presidential Election. Many people worked long hours to gather the evidence to present to SCOTUS only to have SCOTUS reject the evidence to be presented and heard by SCOTUS. Most on the Supreme Court are corrupt. The evidence is overwhelming that President Trump won by a huge landslide. This voter fraud also goes to show us that there are evil and corrupt people in America who will do anything to get their way. What all of them fail to see is they will never get away with it because they, like all mankind, shall come before the Great I AM and face their judgment for their crimes. It is in everyone's interest to repent while they can before that Day comes. This goes for all judges around the world. Yahweh loves all of His Creations.


He has made man/woman in His image. We are His imagers. Let us walk in His Footsteps to the best of our understanding of what is Written in His Absolute Written Word, the Bible. Remember, Yahweh is interested in a one-on-one personal relationship with all of His children. We should do likewise with our children.


Continue to test all things and may Almighty YHWH bless all who study His Absolute Written Word.


Shalom,

I am One Crying In The Wilderness!


If you have enjoyed this teaching and you would like to download it, click HERE to download the PDF file.



Sources:


John Davis, editor, Earth First! Journal.


Peter Singer, the Father of Animal Rights, In Defense of Animals (New York, NY: Basil Blackwell Inc., 1985) page 6.


Peter Singer, Animal Liberation (New York, NY: Avon Books, 1975) pages 20-22.


Senator Al Gore, Earth in the Balance, Ecology and the Human Spirit (New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992) page 273.


Senator Al Gore, Earth in the Balance, Ecology and the Human Spirit (New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992) page 264.


Although the book of Jasher is not considered part of the inspired canon of Scripture, it is cited twice and it is endorsed in the Scriptures – Joshua 10:13 and 2 Samuel 1:18.


“The Club of Rome is a global think tank [currently consisting of 100 individuals from 52 countries and 5 continents]…. The Club of Rome [asserts that it] contributes to the solution of what it calls the world problematique, the complex set of the most crucial problems – political, social, economic, technological, environmental, psychological and cultural – facing humanity. It does so taking a global, long term and interdisciplinary perspective aware of the increasing interdependence of nations and the globalisation [sic] of problems that pose predicaments beyond the capacity of individual countries.” www.clubofrome.org.


Alexander King & Bertrand Schneider, The First Global Revolution: A Report by the Council of The Club of Rome (New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 1991) page 115.


Alan Gregg, “A Medical Aspect of the Population Problem,” Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science) 13 May 1955, Volume 121, page 682.


Prince Phillip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburg, World Wildlife Fund. https://nwo.fandom.com/wiki/Prince_Philip_-_%E2%80%9CIf_I_were_reincarnated_I_would...be...as_a_killer_virus...%22.


Miss Ann Thropy (pseudonym), Earth First! Journal.


Paul Ehrlich, “Americans are a cancer on the planet,” 1970.


Jacques Cousteau, UNESCO Courier, (November 1991), quoted by Curtis Dickinson, The Witness (Lewisville, TX: Curtis Dickinson, December 1998) Volume XXXIII, Number 12, page 2.


The term “Judeo-Christian” is an oxymoron. The religions of Christianity and Judaism are wholly incompatible demonstrated by their respective books of faith, the Bible and Talmud. This incongruity is addressed in God’s Covenant People: Yesterday, Today and Forever, a 465-page book by Ted R. Weiland, which provides a documented dissertation identifying Israel with today’s Anglo-Saxon, Germanic, Scandinavian, Celtic and kindred peoples.


Peter Singer, https://www.azquotes.com/quote/695742.


Reed F. Noss, Ph.D., “The Wildlands Project: Land Conservation Strategy,” Wild Earth (Canton, NY: Cenozoic Society, Inc., 1992) Special Issue, page. 13.


Peter Singer, Practical Ethics, 2nd Edition, page. 191.


For further information on a biblical study contrasting elections and appointments, click on this title To Vote or Not to Vote?


Herbert Hendlin, M.D. Seduced by Death: Doctors, Patients, and the Dutch Cure (New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1997) page 48.


Dr. Paul Marx, The Mercy Killers (Palos Verdes Estates, CA: Right to Life, 1974) pages 2-5.


Chaplain Robert B. Reeves, quoted by Dr. Paul Marx, The Mercy Killers (Palos Verdes Estates, CA: Right to Life, 1974) page 2.


“abortion,” Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary (Springfield, MS: G. & C. Merriam Company, 1975) page 3.


“miscarriage,” Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, page 734.


Life Begins at Fertilization.


“Homicide,” The Jewish Encyclopedia, (New York and London: Funk and Wagnalls Company, 1904) Volume VI, page 453.


“Abortion,” Encyclopaedia Judaica (Jerusalem, Israel: Encyclopaedia Judaica Company, 1971) Volume 2, pages 98-100.


E. Everett Koop, J.D., former U.S. Surgeon General, quoted in The Jubilee Newspaper, (Midpines, CA: The Jubilee Newspaper) March-April 2001, Vol. 12, No. 6, page 7.


David Cole, “Prosecutors make first use of ‘feticide law,’” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Friday, August 21, 1998, page 5B.


Jesse J. Holland (Associated Press), “House passes bill to make it crime to harm fetus,” The Journal Times, (Racine, WI: Richard R. Johnston Publishers) Thursday, March 29, 2001, 4A.

“Progestogen [found in birth control pills] … also causes endometrial changes that prevent implantation of the fertilized ovum.” “Oral Contraceptives,” Nursing 90 Drug Handbook (Spring House, PA: Springhouse Corporation, 1990) page 524.


Prisons: Shut Them All Down! by Ted R. Weiland.


For a study on unlawful vigilantism, check out The Phinehas Hoods: A Biblical Examination of Unscriptural Vigilantism by Ted R. Weiland.


Governments that conspire to disarm their citizens identify defense weapons as “assault weapons.” By employing the term “assault weapons” the anti-gun lobby deceptively attempts to associate all gun owners with criminal behavior. Firearms: Scripturally Defended addresses the biblical position concerning being armed and may be found at