• Eddie Rogers, Minister

True News 4 U — Truth-Religion — 02/06/2021


We will now wrap up our 6 part teaching on The Fourth Commandment.


Fourth Commandment Statutes


Many Christians are unaware that there are other Sabbaths mentioned in the Bible in addition to the seventh-day Sabbath. The following examples are only two of the numerous instances where multiple Sabbaths are cited:


You shall keep My Sabbaths and revere My sanctuary. I am the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text].

(Leviticus 19:30, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


19 I am the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God; walk in My statutes and keep My ordinances and observe them. 20 Sanctify My Sabbaths and keep them holy; and they shall be a sign between Me and you, that you may know [without any doubt] that I am the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God.

(Ezekiel 20:19-20, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Just over 95% of the material that has been accumulated on the Fourth Commandment for this study is devoted to the timing of the Sabbath; the same is true pertaining to the seventh-day Sabbath. In other words, less than 5% of the material that that is covered here on the Fourth Commandment is dedicated to the other Sabbaths.


There are three other classifications of Sabbaths mentioned in the Bible. The seventh-day Sabbath occurs most frequently. The remaining Sabbaths will be addressed in succession of decreasing frequency.


The Annual Sabbaths / The Feasts


Although it is not a very well known fact, the seventh-day Sabbath is identified as one of the Feasts:


Laws of Religious Festivals


1 The Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 Speak to the children of Israel and say to them, ‘The appointed times (established feasts) of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] which you shall proclaim as holy convocationsMy appointed times are these:


The Sabbath


3 For six days work may be done, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation (calling together). You shall not do any work [on that day]; it is the Sabbath of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] wherever [Literally, in all your dwellings and so throughout the chapter.] you may be.


The Passover and Unleavened Bread


4 These are the appointed times of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text], holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times:’

(Leviticus 23:1-4, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


The reason that the seventh-day Sabbath is mentioned first in this dialogue concerning the Feasts is because it is the primary commandment upon which the other feasts or Sabbaths or statutes hang. The remainder of Leviticus Chapter 23 is dedicated to the following Feasts or Festivals: Passover/Unleavened Bread (verses 4-8), First Fruits (verses 9-14), Weeks/Pentecost (verses 15-22), Trumpets (verse 23-25), Atonement (verse 26-32) and Booths or Tabernacles/Ingathering (verses 33-36 and 39-44).


Further evidence that the Feasts are Sabbaths is found in the fact that they are identified as “holy convocations” like the seventh-day Sabbath. It is also specified that no work or business is to be done on the High Sabbaths of these annual Feasts. Thus, in addition to being festivals or holidays, they are rest periods or Sabbaths unto Yahweh.


Every type and shadow or requirement of these Feasts is not imposed under the New Covenant. For example, Yeshua is our Passover Lamb and He has already been sacrificed for us (1 Corinthians 5:7). Consequently, we are no longer required to sacrifice a literal lamb. Likewise, New Covenant Christians are no longer required to remove literal leaven from their homes during Unleavened Bread. Under the New Covenant, we should observe these Sabbaths in commemoration of Yahweh’s great deliverances and blessings both past, present and future. We should look to the past in celebration of our Israelite history and heritage, to the present in celebration of our redemption and to the future in celebration of our ultimate victory and deliverance in Yeshua. These Feasts are no less important for contemporary Israelites than is the 4th of July for modern Americans.


If America were living under Yahweh’s Law System, in addition to the seventh-day Sabbath, we would commemorate three special national holidays or annual Sabbaths in Holy Convocation. We would celebrate Passover/Unleavened Bread for eight days, Weeks/Pentecost on the fiftieth day, seven weeks after the Feast of First Fruits and Tabernacles/Ingathering for eight days. We would also celebrate First Fruits for one day, Trumpets for one day and Atonement for one day.


The Seventh-Year Sabbath / The Land Rest / The Year of Release


There are three principal elements to the seventh-year Sabbath, also known as the Sabbatical Year – land rest, debt remission and servant release.


Land Rest


The first principle aspect of the seventh-year Sabbath requires that all agricultural land be rested or lay fallow every seventh year:


The Sabbatic Year and Year of Jubilee


1 The Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] spoke to Moses at Mount Sinai, saying, 2 Speak to the children of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I am giving you, then the land shall keep a Sabbath to the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text]. 3 For six years you shall sow your field, and for six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its crop. 4 But in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of rest for the land, a Sabbath to the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text]; you shall not sow [seed in] your field nor prune your vineyard. 5 Whatever reseeds itself (uncultivated) in your harvest you shall not reap, nor shall you gather the grapes from your uncultivated vine, it shall be a year of sabbatical rest for the land. 6 And all of you shall have for food whatever the [untilled] land produces during its Sabbath year; yourself, and your male and female slaves, your hired servant, and the foreigners who reside among you, 7 even your domestic animals and the [wild] animals that are in your land shall have all its crops to eat.

(Leviticus 25:1-7, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


It is a well-established agricultural fact that resting the land every seven years is best for the soil and that much-improved crops result from doing so. This biblical practice also greatly reduces the need for pesticides and herbicides. Yet, today this practice is almost unheard of in America. One of the reasons for this is because America is also transgressing Yahweh’s prohibitions against usury or interest banking:


You shall not charge interest to your fellow Israelite—interest on money, food or anything that may be loaned for interest.

(Deuteronomy 23:19, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


America’s ungodly economic system alone makes it nearly impossible for most farmers to give their land a one in seven year Sabbath. Any farmer in debt who would let his land lay fallow for one year would be unlikely to make that year’s payment to the usurers and would then lose his/her land to his “friendly” neighborhood banker. Disobedience always has its consequences. In this case, if a farmer obeys Yahweh and His Sabbaths, the farmer risks losing his/her land because of usury. On the other hand, if he/she disobeys Yahweh in order to retain possession of their land, they risks falling under the judgment of Yahweh.


Violation of the Sabbatical Year’s land rest is such a serious transgression that it is specifically listed as one of the sins that resulted in the Israelites being conquered and removed from the land:


28 then I [Yahweh] will act with hostility against you in wrath, and I also will punish you seven times for your sins. 29 You will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters. 30 I will destroy your high places [devoted to idolatrous worship], and cut down your incense altars, and heap your dead bodies upon the [crushed] bodies of your idols, and My soul will detest you [with deep and unutterable loathing]. 31 I will lay waste your cities as well and will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell your sweet and soothing aromas [of offerings by fire]. 32 I will make the land desolate, and your enemies who settle in it will be appalled at it. 33 I will scatter you among the nations and draw out the sword [of your enemies] after you; your land will become desolate and your cities will become ruins.

34 Then the land [of Israel] will enjoy its Sabbaths as long as it lies desolate, while you are in your enemies’ land; then the land will rest and enjoy its Sabbaths. 35 As long as it lies desolate, it will have rest, the rest it did not have on your Sabbaths, while you were living on it.

(Leviticus 26:28-35, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


The land Sabbath was disregarded seventy times by the house of Judah. Consequently, those Israelites were sentenced to seventy years in Babylonian captivity:


16 But they kept mocking the messengers of God and despising His words and scoffing at His prophets until the wrath of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] arose against His people [because of the house of Judah’s disobedience], until there was no remedy or healing. 17 Therefore He brought [Nebuchadnezzar] the king of the Chaldeans against them, who killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm; He gave them all into his hand. 18 And as for all the articles of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text], and the treasures of the king and of his officials, he brought them all to Babylon. 19 Then they burned the house of God and tore down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its fortified buildings with fire, and destroyed all its valuable articles. 20 He deported to Babylon those who had escaped from the sword; and they [the remnant of the house of Judah] were servants to him and to his sons until the kingdom of Persia was established there, 21 to fulfill the word of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had restored its Sabbaths; for as long as the land lay desolate it kept Sabbath until seventy years were complete.

(2 Chronicles 36:16-21, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


If American farmers would trust Yahweh enough to rest the land in the seventh year as He commanded, Yahweh promises a bumper crop on the sixth year, enough to provide for the seventh, eighth and ninth years:


18 Therefore you shall carry out My [Yahweh] statutes and keep My ordinances and do them, so that you may live securely on the land. 19 Then the land will yield its produce, so that you can eat your fill and live securely on it. 20 And if you say, “What are we going to eat in the seventh year if we do not sow [seed] or gather in our crops?” 21 then [this is My answer:] I will order My [special] blessing for you in the sixth year, so that it will produce [sufficient] crops for three years. 22 When you are sowing the eighth year, you can still eat old things from the crops, eating the old until the ninth year when its crop comes in.

(Leviticus 25:18-22, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


The volunteer crop of the seventh year is to be given to the poor and needy and what remains is to be left for the animals:


The Sabbath and Land


10 You shall sow your land six years and harvest its yield, 11 but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie uncultivated, so that the poor among your people may eat [what the land grows naturally]; whatever they leave the animals of the field may eat. You shall do the same with your vineyard and olive grove.

(Exodus 23:10-11, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


In order for there to be a volunteer crop in the seventh year, farmers must also stop breaking Yahweh’s anti-hybridization (the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids) laws:


You are to keep My [Yahweh’s] statutes. You shall not breed together two kinds of your cattle; you shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor wear clothing of two kinds of material mixed together.

(Leviticus 19:19, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


You shall not sow your vineyard with two kinds of seed, or everything produced by the seed which you have sown and the yield of the vineyard will become defiled [and banned for use].

(Leviticus 19:19, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


Only non-hybrid, open-pollinated seed will produce volunteer crops large enough to feed the needy as well as the animals during the seventh, eighth and ninth years. Such seeds will also restore nutritional value to our foods and health to our nation.


Debt Remission


The second principal aspect of the seventh-year Sabbath concerns the remission of debts:


The Sabbatical Year


1 At the end of every seven years you shall grant a release (remission, pardon) from debt. 2 This is the regulation for the release: every creditor [Literally, master of a loan.] shall forgive what he has loaned to his neighbor; he shall not require [Literally, collect.] repayment from his neighbor and his brother, because the Lord’s [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] release has been proclaimed. 3 You may require repayment from a foreigner, but whatever of yours is with your brother [Israelite] your hand shall release. 4 However, there will be no poor among you, since the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] will most certainly bless you in the land which the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God is giving you as an inheritance to possess, 5 if only you will listen to and obey the voice of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God, to observe carefully all these commandments which I am commanding you today. 6 When the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God blesses you [Literally, according to the word to you.] as He has promised you, then you will lend to many nations, but you will not borrow; and you will rule over many nations, but they will not rule over you.


7 If there is a poor man among you, one of your fellow Israelites, in any [Literally, one of your gates.] of your cities in the land that the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God is giving you, you shall not be [Literally, harden your heart.] heartless, nor close-fisted [Literally, close your hand to.] with your poor brother; 8 but you shall freely open your hand to him, and shall generously lend to him whatever [Literally, sufficient for his need.] he needs. 9 Beware that there is no wicked thought in your heart, saying, ‘The seventh year, the year of release (remission, pardon), is approaching,’ and your eye is hostile (unsympathetic) toward your poor brother, and you give him nothing [since he would not have to repay you]; for he may cry out to the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] against you, and it will become a sin for you. 10 You shall freely and generously give to him, and your heart shall not be resentful when you give to him, because for this [generous] thing the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God will bless you in all your work and in all your undertakings. 11 For the poor will never cease to be in the land; therefore I command you, saying, ‘You shall freely open your hand to your brother, to your needy, and to your poor in your land.’

(Deuteronomy 15:1-11, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Some people teach that this is simply a one-year moratorium on debt. In other words, during the Sabbatical Year, collection of debts is suspended until the sabbatical year ends. Those who hold this position maintain that if debt is totally cancelled every seventh year, including the forty-ninth year, there would be no debt to cancel on the fiftieth or jubilee year. However, this argument is based on the assumption that the fiftieth-year release applies to the same type of debt remitted on the seventh year. This is not accurate. In To Heal A Nation, Dr. J. Franklin Snook commented on the difference between the debts remitted on the seventh and fiftieth years:


The sabbath principle also applies to the Jubilee year, which occurs after every seventh seven-year period – that is, the fiftieth year. On the 49th year all debts are cancelled as on each seventh year, but on the 50th, or Jubilee year all land that has been sold (actually leased) during the previous 49 years reverts to the original family who possessed it. In other words, land is not sold in perpetuity but is leased until the year of Jubilee.[1]


[1] Dr. J. Franklin Snook, To Heal A Nation (Salem, OR: J. Franklin Snook, 1977) pg. 46.


The correct interpretation for the seventh-year release is a cancellation of all public and private debts with the exception that land could be retained by a person leasing it until the year of Jubilee. If the seventh-year Sabbath required only a moratorium on debt there would then have been no reason for the Jews to have created an unlawful loophole for the purpose of getting around this revocation as described in The Standard Jewish Encyclopedia:


PROSBUL [Gk. “for the court”]: A special form of legal document annulling the cancellation of debts during the Sabbatical year enjoyed by biblical precept. Scripture warns against refusing to lend to the needy because of the approaching Sabbatical year cancellation (Deut. 15). Nevertheless, the tendency prevailed not to make loans as the Sabbatical year approached, and [Rabbi] Hillel therefore issued an enactment whereby a lender would not lose his money despite the Sabbatical year if he made a declaration in writing to the court in the following manner: “I hereby make known to you, judges of this place, that I wish to be able to collect all debts due to me at any time I may desire.”[2]


[2] “PROSBUL,” The Standard Jewish Encyclopedia (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1966) pg. 1547.


If today’s politicians were truly sincere about balancing the budget they would champion a return to Yahweh’s Laws including the seventh-year Sabbath and its cancellation of debt. In fact, this is the only way that America’s budget will ever be balanced. As the record demonstrates, all other legislation passed for the purpose of balancing the budget has been but a “band-aid” at best. It is interesting that although America’s current legislators do not have the right solution, they often use seven years as their time frame for balancing the budget.


Today’s ungodly, usurious economic system only compounds the problem year after year. Under Yahweh’s system the budget would never be unbalanced for more than six years. Inflation and recessions would all but disappear. A person can only imagine the prosperity that would be enjoyed under such a system. In fact, Yahweh promises that if we obey His Laws that we would never experience a deficit and that rather than being the greatest debtor nation as America is today, we would be the greatest lending nation as America was in the past when she more closely adhered to Yahweh’s Laws:


5 if only you will listen to and obey the voice of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God, to observe carefully all these commandments which I am commanding you today. 6 When the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God blesses you [Literally, according to the word to you.] as He has promised you, then you will lend to many nations, but you will not borrow; and you will rule over many nations, but they will not rule over you.

(Deuteronomy 15:5-6, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Under America’s current economic system, the gap between the rich and the poor only widens. In contrast, Yahweh’s system reduces the disparity between these two groups:


4 However, there will be no poor among you, since the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] will most certainly bless you in the land which the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God is giving you as an inheritance to possess, 5 if only you will listen to and obey the voice of the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God, to observe carefully all these commandments [concerning the Sabbatical Year] which I am commanding you today.

(Deuteronomy 15:4-5, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


This is not to say that there will not be any poor in the land:


For the poor will never cease to be in the land; therefore I command you, saying, ‘You shall freely open your hand to your brother, to your needy, and to your poor in your land.’

(Deuteronomy 15:11, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


The poor will not disappear completely; however the needy will be scarcer when Yahweh’s monetary laws are followed than when following man’s economic system. This same Sabbatical Year principle pertaining to the poor is addressed in the New Testament:


But whoever has the world’s [Literally, livelihood of the world.] goods (adequate resources), and sees his brother in need, but has no compassion for him, how does the love of God live in him?

(1 John 3:17, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


The year of release is specifically for the poor in the land. It does not apply to financial penalties incurred by criminals as the result of judgment for crime. It also does not apply to loans to foreigners:


2 This is the regulation for the release: every creditor [Literally, master of a loan.] shall forgive what he has loaned to his neighbor; he shall not require [Literally, collect.] repayment from his neighbor and his brother, because the Lord’s [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] release has been proclaimed. 3 You may require repayment from a foreigner, but whatever of yours is with your brother [Israelite] your hand shall release.

(Deuteronomy 15:2-3, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


The same exception is made for usury:


19 You shall not charge interest to your fellow Israelite—interest on money, food or anything that may be loaned for interest. 20 You may charge interest to a foreigner, but to your fellow Israelite you shall not charge interest, so that the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God may bless you in all [Literally, all to which your hand is put.] that you undertake in the land which you are about to enter to possess.

(Deuteronomy 23:19-20, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


Servant Release


The third principal aspect of the Sabbatical Year concerns the release of indentured servants:


12 If your fellow Israelite, a Hebrew man or woman, is sold to you, and serves you for six years, then in the seventh year you shall set him free [from your service]. 13 When you set him free, you shall not let him go away empty-handed. 14 You shall give him generous provisions from your flock, from your threshing floor and from your wine press; you shall give to him as the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God has blessed you. 15 And you shall remember and thoughtfully consider that you were [once] a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God redeemed you; therefore, I am commanding you these things today. 16 Now if the servant says to you, ‘I will not leave you,’ because he loves you and your household, since he is doing well with you; 17 then take an awl and pierce it through his ear into the door, and he shall [willingly] be your servant always. Also you shall do the same for your maidservant.


18 It shall not seem hard to you when you set him free, for he has served you six years with double the service of a hired man; so the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God will bless you in everything you do.

(Deuteronomy 15:12-18, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


This further demonstrates that the seventh-year Sabbath is a cancellation of debt rather than simply a suspension of debt. If servants were to be set totally free only every fifty years, many servants would never experience freedom because many would die before experiencing this opportunity.


Indentureship is for the purpose of assisting someone who has no other way of surviving than to sell himself/herself into temporary servitude. One or two years of such service will not always suffice to alleviate someone’s financial plight. Consequently, an indentured servant is to be released at the end of the seventh year of his or her service rather than during the Sabbatical Year, unless, of course, they occur at the same time. Deuteronomy 15:12-18 is essentially a repeat of what is stated in Exodus 21:2-6. However, Exodus Chapter 21 does not say anything about the Sabbatical Year.


Severance pay was probably derived from the practice described in Deuteronomy Chapter 15. Servants are not to be sent away empty-handed but rather the landowner or employer is to give them a generous gift upon their release in the seventh year of their service. In other words, this is to be a bonus according to the bounty that the landowner or employer reaped as a result of his or her servant’s assistance. This relationship between master and servant is briefly addressed in the New Testament:


Masters, [on your part] deal with your slaves justly and fairly, knowing that you also have a Master in heaven.

(Colossians 4:1, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


Those [servants] who have believing masters are not to be disrespectful toward them because they are brothers [in Christ], but they should serve them even better, because those who benefit from their kindly service are believers and beloved. Teach and urge these [duties and principles].

(1 Timothy 6:2, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


As a part of the seventh-year Sabbath, a Holy Convocation is to be observed during the Feast of Sukkot (Tabernacles) at which time the Law of Yahweh is to be read to the people:


The Reading of the Law


10 Then Moses commanded them, saying, “At the end of every seven years, at the time of year when debts are forgiven, at the Feast of Booths (Tabernacles), 11 when all Israel comes to appear before the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God in the place which He chooses, you shall read this law before all [the people of] Israel so [Literally, in their hearing.] that they may hear. 12 Assemble the people, the men and the women and children and the stranger (resident alien, foreigner) within your cities, so that they may hear and learn and fear the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] your God [with awe-filled reverence and profound respect], and be careful to obey all the words of this law.

(Deuteronomy 31:10-12, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


In other words, in order to properly observe the Sabbatical Year the Feast of Sukkot (Tabernacles) must likewise be celebrated.


The Fiftieth-Year Sabbath The Land Reversion The Year of Jubilee


Every fiftieth year is also to be a one-year Sabbath. This is known as the year of Jubilee:


The Year of Jubilee


8 You are also to count off seven Sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years, so that you have the time of the seven Sabbaths of years, namely, forty-nine years. 9 Then you shall sound the ram’s horn everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month (almost October); on the Day of Atonement you shall sound the trumpet throughout your land. 10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim [The quote on the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia is from this verse and reads, “Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof.”] freedom [for the slaves] throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee (year of remission) for you, and each of you shall return to his own [ancestral] property [that was sold to another because of poverty], and each of you shall return to his family [from whom he was separated by bondage].

(Leviticus 25:8-10, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


The Jubilee year is to commence with the blowing of the trumpet on the Day of Atonement which is one of Yahweh’s Appointed Times. Therefore, when the fiftieth-year Sabbath is reinstated, the Feasts must be restored as well.


In addition to letting the land lay fallow during the fiftieth year,[3] all land is to be returned to the family of its original owner. In other words, land is never to be permanently sold:


In this Year of Jubilee each of you shall return to his own [ancestral] property.

(Leviticus 25:13, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


Under America’s current form of government, if you are either unable to make your usurious loan payment or pay your taxes, your “friendly” banker or “Big Brother” confiscates your property. Under Yahweh’s Law system such theft would never occur because Yahweh owns all of the land:


The Law of Redemption


The land shall not be sold [or confiscated] permanently, for the land is Mine [Yahweh’s]; you are [only] foreigners and temporary residents with Me.

(Leviticus 25:23, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Therein is found the reason why the land is not to be taxed. The power to tax something proves ownership. Land does not rightfully belong to any government but rather to Yahweh and to whom Yahweh or His government apportions it.


Most farmers and landowners are under the mistaken notion that the government steals their land when the sheriff and his deputies show up and physically removes them from their homesteads. However, the land was initially stolen from them when the government fraudulently legislated to tax their land and the people unwittingly or under duress, allowed the government to get away with it. Current “owners” are only temporary tenants to be extricated at the whim of the government. The response to our legislators should have been the same as Naboth’s when King Ahab wanted to confiscate his vineyard:


But Naboth said to Ahab, “The Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] forbid me that I should give the inheritance of my fathers to you.”

(1 Kings 21:3, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Yahweh neither abandoned His ownership nor His eminent domain. Consequently, such governments are thieves and they are stealing from Yahweh. He never intended governments to be landowners. Under the Mosaic Covenant which is not done away with, the Levites were the government administrators and as such they were not permitted to own land, except for homes within their cities and the attached land or suburbs:


2 Command the Israelites to give to the Levites cities to live in from the inheritance of their possession; and you shall give to the Levites pasture lands around the cities. 3 The cities shall be theirs to live in; and their pasture lands shall be for their cattle and for their herds and for all their livestock.


4 The pasture lands around the cities which you shall give to the Levites shall reach from the wall of the city and outward a thousand cubits (1,500 feet/457.2 meters) around. 5 You shall also measure outside the city on the east, south, west, and north sides two thousand cubits (3,000 feet/914.4 meters), with the city in the center. This shall belong to the Levites as pasture lands for the cities.


Cities of Refuge


6 [Among] the cities which you give to the Levites shall be the six cities of refuge, which you shall provide for the one who commits manslaughter to flee to; and in addition to them you shall give forty-two cities [to the Levites]. 7 So you shall give to the Levites forty-eight cities in all, together with their pasture lands.

(Numbers 35:2-7, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Government has the duty of protecting the public and their property instead of taxing them and confiscating their possessions.


The land ultimately belongs to Yahweh. It is never to permanently change hands and in the year of Jubilee. It is to return to the family of the original occupants with the exception of houses or lands within city limits:


Redemption of Property


29 If a man sells a house in a walled city, then his right of redemption remains valid for a full year after its sale; his right of redemption lasts a full year. 30 But if it is not redeemed for him within a full year, then the house that is in the walled city passes permanently and irrevocably to the purchaser throughout his generations. It does not revert back in the Year of Jubilee.

(Leviticus 25:29-30, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


This exception, however, did not apply to properties within city limits that belonged to the Levites:


32 As for the cities of the Levites, the Levites have a permanent right of redemption for the houses in the cities which they possess. 33 Therefore, what is [purchased] from the Levites may be redeemed [by a Levite], and the house that was sold in the city they possess reverts in the Year of Jubilee, for the houses in the Levite cities are their [ancestral] property among the Israelites. 34 But the pasture lands of their cities may not be sold, for that is their permanent possession.

(Leviticus 25:32-34, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


The year of Jubilee is also a year of family reunions in which every man is to return to his family on the homestead:


And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim [The quote on the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia is from this verse and reads, “Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof.”] freedom [for the slaves] throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It [the fiftieth year] shall be a Jubilee (year of remission) for you, and each of you shall return to his own [ancestral] property [that was sold to another because of poverty], and each of you shall return to his family [from whom he was separated by bondage].

(Leviticus 25:10, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


During each Jubilee year on the Day of Atonement each of us should be reminded of our own atonement or release from our debts owed to Yahweh. Thus, we should also forgive those whom we have anything against. C. D. Gingsburg takes us back in time concerning this Jubilee annulment of debts:


On the close of the great Day of Atonement, when the Hebrews realised [sic] that they had peace of mind, that their heavenly Father had annulled their sins, and that they had become re-united to Him through His forgiving mercy, every Israelite was called upon to proclaim throughout the land, by nine blasts of the cornet, that he too had given the soil rest, [and] that he had freed every encumbered family estate, and that he had given liberty to every slave, who was now to rejoin his kindred. Inasmuch as God has forgiven his debts, he also is to forgive his debtors.[4]


[4] C. D. Ginsburg, “Leviticus,” Ellicott’s Commentary on the Whole Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan) Volume I, pg. 454, quoted by Rousas John Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books, 1973) Volume 1, pg. 141


Yahweh’s Law system promotes freedom and prosperity for all and the Fourth Commandment plays an integral part in accomplishing this.


Fourth Commandment Judgment


Blatant Fourth Commandment transgression demands the death penalty:


13 But as for you, say to the Israelites, ‘You shall most certainly observe My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, so that you may know [without any doubt] and acknowledge that I am the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text] who sanctifies you and sets you apart [for Myself]. 14 Therefore, you shall keep the Sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it must be put to death; for whoever does work on the Sabbath, that person (soul) shall be cut off from among his people [excluding him from the atonement made for them]. 15 For six days work may be done, but the seventh is the Sabbath of complete rest, sacred to the Lord [Strong’s Concordance #H3068 YHWH in the Hebrew text]; whoever does work on the Sabbath day must be put to death.

(Exodus 31:13-15, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Sabbath-breaking Punished


32 Now while the Israelites were in the wilderness, they found a man who was gathering wood on the Sabbath day. 33 Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation; 34 and they put him in custody, because it had not been explained [by God] what should be done to him. 35 Then the Lord said to Moses, “The man shall certainly be put to death. All the congregation shall stone him with stones outside the camp.” 36 So all the congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him to death with stones, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

(Numbers 15:32-36, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comment added)


Because the Sabbath is important enough to Yahweh to make transgression of the Fourth Commandment a capital crime, it should likewise be important enough to Yahweh’s people to hallow His Sabbath.


The Kingdom Sabbath


Anything written on the Sabbath would be grossly incomplete that did not mention the ultimate Sabbath made possible through Yeshua the Messiah and His atoning blood sacrifice and resurrection from the grave:


8 For if Joshua had given them [the nation of Israel] rest [in Canaan], God would not speak about another day [of opportunity] after that. 9So there remains a [full and complete] Sabbath rest for the people of God. 10 For the one who has once entered His rest has also rested from [the weariness and pain of] his [human] labors, just as God rested from [those labors uniquely] His own. 11 Let us therefore make every effort to enter that rest [of God, to know and experience it for ourselves], so that no one will fall by following the same example of disobedience [as those who died in the wilderness].

(Hebrews 4:8-11, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Although, neither the Sabbath nor rest is mentioned, this is the same thing that the author of Hebrews addressed in chapters 11 and 12:


8 By faith Abraham, when he was called [by God], obeyed by going to a place which he was to receive as an inheritance; and he went, not knowing where he was going. 9 By faith he lived as a foreigner in the promised land, as in a strange land, living in tents [as nomads] with Isaac and Jacob, who were fellow heirs of the same promise. 10 For he was [waiting expectantly and confidently] looking forward to the city which has foundations, [an eternal, heavenly city] whose architect and builder is God. 11 By faith even Sarah herself received the ability to conceive [a child], even [when she was long] past the normal age for it, because she considered Him who had given her the promise to be reliable and true [to His word]. 12 So from one man, though he was [physically] as good as dead, were born as many descendants as the stars of heaven in number, and innumerable as the sand on the seashore.


13 All these died in faith [guided and sustained by it], without receiving the [tangible fulfillment of God’s] promises, only having seen (anticipated) them and having welcomed them from a distance, and having acknowledged that they were strangers and exiles on the earth. 14 Now those who say such things make it clear that they are looking for a country of their own. 15 And if they had been thinking of that country from which they departed [as their true home], they would have had [a continuing] opportunity to return. 16 But the truth is that they were longing for a better country, that is, a heavenly one. For that reason God is not ashamed [of them or] to be called their God [even to be surnamed their God—the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob]; for He has prepared a city for them.

(Hebrews 11:8-16, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels [in festive gathering], 23 and to the general assembly and assembly of the firstborn who are registered [as citizens] in heaven, and to God, who is Judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous (the redeemed in heaven) who have been made perfect [bringing them to their final glory], 24 and to Jesus, the Mediator of a new covenant [uniting God and man], and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks [of mercy], a better and nobler and more gracious message than the blood of Abel [which cried out for vengeance].

(Hebrews 12:22-24, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Mount Zion, the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem and the church of the firstborn, among other things; they are all referring to essentially the same thing, the kingdom of Yahweh:


Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, and offer to God pleasing service and acceptable worship with reverence and awe;

(Hebrews 12:28, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis added)


It is in the kingdom of Yahweh here on earth, made possible through Yeshua, that our final and complete rest is to be found. The present state of affairs here in America demonstrates that a new land in and of itself does not make this possible. There is only true peace and true rest for the people of Yahweh when they are resting in Yeshua in His Kingdom which will be made possible by the implementation of Yahweh’s commandments, statutes and judgments:


28 Come to Me [Yeshua/Jesus], all who are weary and heavily burdened [by religious rituals that provide no peace], and I [Yeshua/Jesus] will give you rest [refreshing your souls with salvation]. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me [following Me as My disciple], for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest (renewal, blessed quiet) for your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy [to bear] and My burden is light.

(Matthew 11:28-30, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Rousas J. Rushdoony made the following Sabbath comparison:


The pattern of the sabbath is Gods creation rest; the goal of the sabbath is mans redemption rest.[5]


[5] Rousas John Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books, 1973) Volume 1, pg. 128.


Our individual rest or Sabbath in Yeshua can and should be experienced corporately when as a nation; we apply Yahweh’s Laws to every sphere of our life here on earth, which will result in His will being done here on earth as it is in heaven. It is in this corporate relationship with Yahweh that His rest or His Sabbath is enjoyed in the optimum and it is in this Kingdom experience that the yoke of oppression is completely eliminated:


2 The people who walk in [spiritual] darkness will [Or have seen, Hebrew perfect tense. The perfect tense is used frequently in this passage and should probably be interpreted as the prophetic future, that is, the use of the perfect (past) tense to describe a future event as a certainty.] see a great Light; those who live in the dark land, the Light will shine on them.


3 You [O God] will increase the nation, You will multiply their joy; They will rejoice before You like the joy and jubilation of the harvest, As men rejoice when they divide the spoil [of victory].


4 For You will break the yoke of Israel’s burden and the staff (goad) on their shoulders, The rod of their oppressor, as at the battle [A reference to Gideon’s great victory over the Midianites (Judges 7:22-25).] of Midian.


5 For every boot of the marching warrior in the battle tumult, And [every soldier’s] garment rolled in blood, will be used for burning, fuel for the fire.


6 For to us a Child shall be born, to us a Son shall be given; And the government shall be upon His shoulder, And His name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.


7 There shall be no end to the increase of His government and of peace, [He shall rule] on the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From that time forward and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this.

(Isaiah 9:2-7, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


Unfortunately, the Sabbath can only be observed in a limited fashion individually or as a church body. Many aspects of the Sabbath can never be fully experienced and the blessings cannot be fully realized until we implement the Fourth Commandment and its statutes on a national basis. However, for this national Kingdom Sabbath to be finally experienced, it must begin with individual commitments wherein we make Yeshua our Lord, Savior and King of our lives:


The Believer’s Rest


1 Therefore, while the promise of entering His rest still remains and is freely offered today, let us fear, in case any one of you may seem to come short of reaching it or think he has come too late. 2 For indeed we have had the good news [of salvation] preached to us, just as the Israelites also [when the good news of the promised land came to them]; but the message they heard did not benefit them, because it was not united with faith [in God] by those who heard. 3 For we who believe [that is, we who personally trust and confidently rely on God. Who have repented and been baptized for the remission of our sins – Mark 16:15-16; Acts 2:36-41.] enter that rest [so we have His inner peace now because we are confident in our salvation, and assured of His power], just as He has said,


As I swore [an oath] in My wrath,

They shall not enter My [Yahweh’s] rest,


[this He said] although His works were completed [God “rested” because everything that needed to be done was done—everything was complete, fully accomplished. In human terms this expression is used when a lawyer completes his presentation in a court of law; he “rests” his case—everything is in evidence, there is nothing left to present.] from the foundation of the world [waiting for all who would believe].


4 For somewhere [in Scripture] He has said this about the seventh day: “And God rested on the seventh day from all His works”; 5 and again in this, “They shall not enter My [Yahweh’s] rest.” 6 Therefore, since the promise remains for some to enter His rest, and those who formerly had the good news preached to them failed to [grasp it and did not] enter because of [their unbelief evidenced by] disobedience, 7 He again sets a definite day, [a new] “Today,” [providing another opportunity to enter that rest by] saying through David after so long a time, just as has been said before [in the words already quoted],


Today if you hear His voice,

Do not harden your hearts.”


8 For if Joshua had given them [the nation of Israel] rest [in Canaan], God would not speak about another day [of opportunity] after that. 9 So there remains a [full and complete] Sabbath rest for the people of God. 10 For the one who has once entered His rest has also rested from [the weariness and pain of] his [human] labors, just as God rested from [those labors uniquely] His own. 11 Let us therefore make every effort to enter that rest [of God, to know and experience it for ourselves], so that no one will fall by following the same example of disobedience [as those who died in the wilderness].

(Hebrews 4:1-11, Amplified Bible (AMP), emphasis and comments added)


I hope this study on the Fourth Commandment has been helpful and instructional. The main purpose of studying the Commandments is to better understand what our Creator expects of those whom He has called to be His children. Let all of His children seek Him and repent of their sins and draw close to Him because He wants a one-on-one personal relationship with all of His children.


Continue to test all things and may Almighty YHWH bless all who study His Absolute Written Word.


Shalom,

I am One Crying In The Wilderness!


If you have enjoyed this teaching and you would like to download it, click HERE to download the PDF file.


Sources:


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Because the forty-ninth year is to be a seventh-year Sabbath, the land would actually lay fallow for two consecutive years every forty-ninth and fiftieth year.


C. D. Ginsburg, “Leviticus,” Ellicott’s Commentary on the Whole Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan) Volume I, pg. 454, quoted by Rousas John Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books, 1973) Volume 1, pg. 141.


Rousas John Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books, 1973) Volume 1, pg. 128.